amaryllis plant grow and care
Amaryllis is a true winter onion plant originating in South Africa. The diameter of the bulb is about 7-10 cm, pear-shaped, covered with brown scales.
The leaves are striped, about 2 cm wide, and 35-45 cm long. They appear in spring and wither in early summer.
The flowers are found in the inflorescence of their bearer, their length ranges from 60-90 cm, and the number of inflorescences ranges between 6-12 and may reach 12, and they are multi-colored with a slight aromatic smell.
The importance of Amaryllis is due to the fact that the date of its flowering is at a time when the market is devoid of flowers, as it blooms in Egypt during the months of April and May.
Amaryllis is grown as cut flowers and as flowering potted plants, in addition to the possibility of planting it in private basins, so it appears as a large mass during the flowering season. It can also be planted in gardens between trees and shrubs.amaryllis types.
Half and Half.
1- Blanda cultivar and its non-aromatic flowers, white at first, turn pink before wilting.
2 – Cape Town Its flowers are pink.
3- Duran variety, which is an early variety with very large flowers, dark pink in color, and the throat of the flower is white.
4 – Purpurea The flowers of this cultivar are pinkish-purple and the throat is yellowish.Amaryllis Propagation. First: sexual reproduction.
Sexual propagation is done by planting seeds, which is the most common method. It takes place in the summer, so the seeds are sown immediately after collecting the fruits.
This leads to the production of a large number of bulbs, but they are not the same in the color of the resulting flowers, so new colors are selected and named after commercial names, and the common colors are excluded, and this method takes 4-5 years from planting the seed to the flowers.Second: Green Propagation:
It is done by planting bulbs and bulbs in order to preserve the cultivated variety and the new bulbs bloom after 3 years of planting.
Noting that the amaryllis does not have many new follicles, and the bulbs may be uprooted, leaving them with no backs.Planting date of amaryLlis.
It was found that the most appropriate time for planting seeds and bulbs is in the spring, and it is also possible to plant at the end of the summer after the flowering period.Amaryllis Planting methods
Bulbs are grown in 35 cm diameter pots or planted in basins at an appropriate distance and depth so that the top of the neck of the bulb is at ground level or slightly higher, as green leaves are the main source of nourishment for flower buds, so it is preferable to cover the bulbs with a light layer of soil .
After the terminal bud grows and forms leaves, it is exposed to the sun directly Also, in the case of planting bulbs that have leaves, it is advised not to remove the leaves until this helps to create food for the terminal bud, so this does not affect the length of the light bearer because removing the leaves results in shortening the length of the light bearer.do amaryllis need to go dormant.
Since the amaryllis is one of the bulbs of hot regions, it does not have a dormant phase in which growth stops unless the temperature drops. .
However, this does not happen in Egypt, especially if the weather is cold and temperatures drop, and this leads to stopping the growth of buds, so it appears static.
If they are at a high temperature, they quickly grow and continue until they bloom early compared to plants that were left in the open.improve the growth and flowering of Amaryllis.
It is known that when the appropriate conditions of light, heat and humidity are available, it leads to the production of plants with good vegetative and flowering growth.
It was found that.
1- Cultivation of amaryllis under plastic greenhouses 20% shading that led to accelerating germination, prolonging the light holder and prolonging the stay of flowers in house vases.
2- Planting under the (shaded) path led to an increase in the length and thickness of the light stand and the diameter of the flower.Soil suitable for amaryllis plant:
It is preferable to plant Amaryllis in light soil rich in nutrients, and it is preferable to add organic fertilizers It is analyzed in the winter to warm the soil, which leads to early growth.
So when planting amaryllis in pots, organic fertilizer is added with a mixture of dry leaves and soil in the pots, while keeping the pots in a warm place that helps to speed up growth and push to early flowers.Water the amaryllis plants.
Irrigation should be regular during the period of vegetative amaryllis description types watering fertilizer and care.growth and flowering. It does not prevent irrigation, but it reduces gradually, and plants should not be irritated at all.fertilization amaryllis plants.
liquid fertilizer that has an N-P-K ratio of 10-10-10. If using a slow-release fertilizer, apply every 3-4 monthst he well-decomposed organic fertilizers are added to the soil immediately before planting, and chemical fertilizers are added to the soil during the growing season, in summer when the plant is leafy, and in winter when the flower bud is formed, if the plants are inside the greenhouse and if they are outside, they are added in Spring.
Chemical fertilizers of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are added in ratios of 25:5:5 every month at a rate of 12.5 g/m² of soil, or about 50 kg/feddan.
Crystalon fertilizer 19:19:19 can be added at a rate of 1 g/plant during the growing season three times on March 10, March 31 and April 21, which led to an increase in the weight of bulbs.
organic fertilizer for amaryllis one of the bestorganic fertilizer for amaryllis Neptune’s Harvest Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1, 18 Ounce It is derived from fish and seaweed. It provides many elements that the plant needs with an impressive set of nutrients. There are a number of sizes, and you can follow them from here.
homemade fertilizer for amaryllis
Banana peel is considered one of the best types of organic fertilizers that contain many elements, most notably potassium and phosphorus, as well as many others. For nutrients, banana peels can be cut, dried well in the sun, ground, and placed in the soil, stirring well.Post-harvest Transactions:
1- Flowers are picked when the flower bud is mature and swollen, and the picking is done by pulling the light holder up by hand, taking into account that the ground is dry.
2- 1.5 cm is removed from the light holder and then dipped in a bowl of water to absorb the water needed.
3 – Removal of the male members as soon as the flower buds open so that pollination and fertilization do not take place, so the flower cover units wither and fall off.
4- The lifespan of the flowers ranges from 15-20 days.
5 – The bases of the flowers are dipped in 1% cyclosyl solution + 4% sucrose