The scientific name American sweetgum treeLiquidambar styraciflua
The original home of the amber trees (Liquidambar styraciflua):United States of America – MexicoLife span up to 500 year
Botanical description of American sweetgum tree
American sweetgum tree are deciduous trees during the winter, and their height in their original habitat reaches about 40 meters, and the trees have deep cracks.The leaves are alternate, petiolate, sharp-topped, palmate, with 5-7 lobes, smooth and shiny on the upper surface, and woolly in texture on the lower surface. The color of the leaves turns yellow and orange before the leaves fall during the fall season, which makes the trees of stunning beauty.As for the flowers, they are sexual and monoecious (female flowers and male flowers on the same tree), and the flowers are indistinguishable without petals present in spherical inflorescences, which turn into unopened fruits of a spherical attractive shape with thorny bumps containing 1-2 wing seeds.
American sweetgum tree propagation
American sweetgum tree are propagated by planting seeds after breaking the dormancy phase. After breaking the dormancy phase, the seeds are planted in pots or planting boxes that contain a good agricultural environment consisting of peat moss + silt + sand (washed separately), where the seeds are planted. And well taken care of.After germination, the plants are singled out in pots or suitable planting bags, and successively with good service. When the plants reach about 20 cm in length, the plants are rotated in pots or suitable planting bags until they are planted in sustainable land.
American sweetgum tree are also propagated by planting cuttings, which are planted in agricultural beds that contain a good agricultural environment consisting of peat moss + silt + sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1, successively with good agricultural service.After the formation of the roots, the cuttings are separated into pots or planting bags until they reach the appropriate length of about 35 cm, where they are rotated in larger pots or planting bags until they are planted in sustainable land.
Fertilize for American sweetgum tree
American sweetgum tree are fertilized using neutral (chemical) mineral fertilizer NPK 14: 14: 14 of the major elements is nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 500 g / tree from 5-10 years of age.Fertilization should be done in two batches, the first batch during the month of March and the second batch during the month of August.
American sweetgum tree water needs Schedule
American sweetgum tree need regular irrigation, especially during the spring, summer and fall seasons. Either during the winter, irrigation must be stopped, or irrigation should be at longer periods than during the rest of the year.In general, the irrigation process depends on the nature of the soil and the environmental conditions in the region, and attention must be paid to the process of irrigating the trees when the temperatures rise and the intensity of the wind increases, as this helps to increase the process of transpiration from the leaves as well as the drying of the soil, which necessitates the irrigation process.
American sweetgum tree sunlight requirements
American sweetgum tree must be planted in sunny, brightly lit places, in order for the trees to grow well.As the light is very important for the process of photosynthesis in which the plant uses the energy it derives from the light reaching the mechanism in the representation of carbon dioxide + water to build carbohydrates, from which the rest of the other nutrients that the plant needs are created in order to grow well.
American sweetgum tree soil
American sweetgum tree must be planted in fertile, well-drained soil free of harmful salts, as they are sensitive trees to salinity, whether soil salinity or irrigation water salinity.Trees should also be planted in soil that is neutral in acidity and alkaline, as the soil PH should be between 5.5-6.5 approximately for the trees to grow well.
American sweetgum tree in home gardens:
in home gardens:
American sweetgum tree are very beautiful trees, especially during the fall season, when the color of the leaves turns yellow and pink, which makes them have a very distinctive shape and adds beauty to the home garden.
American sweetgum tree uses
1 – American sweetgum tree are among the beautiful ornamental trees, especially during the fall season when the color of the leaves turns yellow-orange.2- The leaves and wood of American sweetgum tree have an aromatic scent, and when cuts are made in the bark, a resinous oil is produced called. storax.3- The resinous oil is used as a fixative for perfumes, and it is also used for therapeutic purposes. It is used as an analgesic for respiratory diseases, especially persistent cough.4- The oil is also used to treat scabies and some skin diseases and festering wounds.bird of paradise