Citronella Plant Care And Grow Guide

Caring for citronella plant is essential for keeping the plant heathy last know more about this super pitiful plant before get into care guide citronella are well-known for their strong, lemony scent, which acts as a natural mosquito repellent.

Citronella Plant
Citronella Plant Care

citronella plant (Cymbopogon nardus) is typically grown in USDA hardiness zones 10 to 12. It thrives in warm tropical and subtropical climates.

growth rate

growth rate of citronella plants citronella plants have a moderate growth rate, with established plants reaching heights of around 2 to 4 feet within a few months to a year

These plants are native to warm tropical regions and are commonly grown in gardens or pots around the world.

Blooming season and flower

blooming season of citronella plants typically occurs during the summer months, from late spring to early fall.

Thes plants produce small, beauty flowers that are often purple 🪻

Proper care for citronella plants is essential to ensure their healthy growth and abundant production of fragrant leaves. In this guide, we will discuss citronella plant care in detail, covering various aspects such as sunlight requirements, watering needs, soil conditions, fertilization, propagation, pruning, common pests and diseases, and harvesting methods.

Citronella plant Sunlight Requirements

Citronella plants thrive in full sun conditions. They require at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day, so it is crucial to place them in an area where they receive ample sunlight. Insufficient sunlight may lead to weak growth and fewer leaves with reduced fragrance.

Citronella plant Water Needs

Citronella plants water it prefer moist soil, but they do not tolerate standing water or waterlogged conditions. It is essential to provide regular watering to keep the soil uniformly moist. Water the plants deeply when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering, as it may cause root rot and other water-related issues.

Citronella plant suitable Soil
Citronella plants require well-draining soil. A loose and loamy soil mix with good drainage is ideal for their growth. You can add organic matter like compost or peat moss to improve soil fertility and drainage. Avoid heavy clay soils that retain water for prolonged periods.

Citronella plant Fertilization

To promote healthy growth and abundant foliage, it is recommended to fertilize citronella plants during the growing season. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer with an equal ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for dosage and application.

Citronella plant Propagation

Citronella plants can be propagated by divisions or stem cuttings. Divisions are best done in early spring when the plant starts showing new growth. Gently separate the clumps and transplant them into individual pots or directly into the garden. Stem cuttings can be taken from mature plants and rooted in a well-draining soil mix.

Citronella plant Pruning

Pruning citronella plants helps maintain their shape and encourages bushier growth. Prune the plants in early spring before new growth emerges. Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged foliage. Regularly pinching back the stems also promotes branching and ensures a more compact and lush plant.

Citronella plant Pests and Diseases

citronella plant is generally considered low-maintenance and relatively pest- and disease-resistant. However, there are a few common issues you might encounter. Here are some pests and diseases that can affect citronella plants and suggestions on how to treat them:

How to get ride of Aphids on citronella
These tiny insects typically cluster on the undersides of leaves, sucking sap from the plant.

You can hose them off with a strong jet of water or use insecticidal soap to control them.

These tiny insects typically cluster on the undersides of leaves, sucking sap from the plant.

You can hose them off with a strong jet of water or use insecticidal soap to control them.

Mealybugs on citronella

These are white, cotton-like pests that also feed on the plant sap. Similar to aphids, you can remove them by washing the plant with soapy water or using neem oil or insecticidal soap.

How to know and get ride of Scale insects on citronella
These insects appear as small, brown or red(bloches) , or black raised bumps on the leaves and stems. You can scrape them off with a cloth or soft brush dipped in alcohol. For severe infestations, you may need to use insecticidal sprays.


These insects appear as small, brown or red(bloches) , or black raised bumps on the leaves and stems. You can scrape them off with a cloth or soft brush dipped in alcohol. For severe infestations, you may need to use insecticidal sprays.

Citronella and Fungal diseases
Citronella plants can be susceptible to fungal infections like leaf spot or powdery mildew. Ensure good air circulation around the plant and avoid overwatering. If necessary, you can use fungicides following the instructions on the product label.


Citronella plants can be susceptible to fungal infections like leaf spot or powdery mildew. Ensure good air circulation around the plant and avoid overwatering. If necessary, you can use fungicides following the instructions on the product label.

Citronella plant Harvesting

Citronella plants are grown for their fragrant leaves, which can be used fresh or dried. Harvesting can be done throughout the growing season by cutting a few stalks at a time. For maximum fragrance, harvest before the plant flowers. Dry the leaves in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight and crush or store them in airtight containers for later use.

citronella plant safe for dogs and cats

citronella plant used as an insect repellent due to its strong fragrance.

it is generally safe for dogs and cats but some dogs may have allergic reactions or stomach upset if they come into direct contact with the plant or consume it in large amounts.

monitor your dog around any plant to ensure they don’t chew on it excessively.

If you have any concerns or notice any unusual symptoms after your dog’s exposure to citronella please do not keep your dogs or cat around .

citronella plant size

size of a Citronella plant can vary depending on the growing conditions (water, light, fertilizer, soil)and care provided. On average, mature Citronella plants can reach a height of 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) and have a spread of 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) as well.

Citronella vs Lemongrass

Citronella: Citronella plants have tall and bushy foliage with long, slender, and pointy leaves. They can reach a height of around 5-6 feet (1.5-1.8 meters).
Lemongrass: Lemongrass has long, slender, and arching leaves. It grows in clumps and can reach a height of about 3-5 feet (0.9-1.5 meters).

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