Damping off – where the eggplant plant is exposed to infection in the seedling phase by many soil fungi that lead to great losses, and the seedling fall disease occurs in eggplant in two cases:
In this case, the germinating seeds are infected, which leads to the death of the seedling before it appears on the surface of the soil, and this leads to the absence of a lot of holes in the field. The most important fungi that cause this disease are Phtium spp., and Phytopthora.
Combating the first case of the previous fungi.
1- The necessity of obtaining good seeds from a reliable source. 2- Seeds should be treated before planting with one of the recommended fungicides as seed coats and not to be exposed to disease.
The second case.
In this case, the infection occurs after the emergence of seedlings above the surface of the soil, where it appears on the area of contact of the seedling with the surface of the earth.
A remote, fragile area appears that leads to the inability of the seedling stem to carry the plant, which leads to the seedlings dormant on the surface of the soil. In the case of severe injury, it dies The roots of the seedlings as a result of the attack of the fungi
Second case combat
1 – Moon Cut fungicide can be used at a rate of 3 g / kg of seed. 2 – Moon Cut fungicide can be used at a rate of 500 g / feddan with irrigation water. 3 – The fungicide Rezolex / Thiram can be used at a rate of 1 g / kg seed4 – The fungicide can be used Topson M at a rate of 1.5 g/kg seed.