Common name Fishhook Barrel Cactus
Verocactus (barrel hook cactus):
Fihhook barrel cactus:
scientific name of Fishhook Barrel Cactus
original habitat of Fishhook Barrel Cactus
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus), a spiny, spherical plant at the beginning of its life, then turns to columnar with age, and the height of the plant reaches about 2 meters.
This plant grows alone and bears 25 ribs on which there are cushions that tend to elongate (elliptical). The thorns have a color ranging from white to red, and they are centrally tapered. The thickness of the thorns is different from one thorn to the other.
The thorns are also distinguished by being flattened and hooked from the top, and the flowers in the Verocactus and Silzi cactus plant are funnel-shaped with a short tube, and their color is green on the outside, but their color on the inside is yellow-orange, tending to red.
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) propagation
The process of propagating Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) is carried out by cultivating the seedlings that turn into plants, where they are grown in sandy soil to which compost is added, and a fungicide is also added to the soil to combat soil rot.
Fertilizing Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus)
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) are fertilized by a neutral (chemical) mineral fertilizer NPK 10: 10: 10 of the major fertilizer elements nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 400 g / plant of 3-5 years of age.
Provided that the mineral (chemical) fertilizer is added in two equal batches, the first batch during the month of March, and the second batch during the month of August.
Biofertilization of Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus)
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) are fertilized by the environment-friendly bio- instead of using mineral (chemical) fertilizers that pollute the environment. Examples of bio-fertilizers include the following:
1- The use of atmospheric nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as Azotobacter and Azospirillium.
2- Using the water soaked in compost, which is known as compost tea.
3- Using the Trichoderma fungus, which helps plants to absorb rock phosphate in the soil.
4- Use active dry brewer’s yeast at a rate of 20 g/plant at all ages during the month of March.
5- Using humic acid, which helps the soil retain water instead of losing it. by filtration.
Also, humic acid helps plants absorb the microelements in the soil, such as magnesium, iron, calcium, zinc, manganese, and the rest of the microelements in the soil.
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) soil
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) should be grown in light, well-drained sandy soil, free of harmful salts, as the plant is very sensitive to salinity, whether soil salinity or irrigation water salinity.
The plant should also be grown in a neutral and alkaline soil, where the soil PH should be between approximately 5.5-6.5 in order for the plant to grow well, achieving the purpose of growing it as an ornamental plant.
Light requirements for Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus)
The plant must be grown in sunny, well-lit places, in order for the plant to grow properly.
As the light is very important for the process of photosynthesis in which the plant uses the energy from the light that reaches the mechanism in the representation of carbon dioxide + water in the construction of carbohydrate materials from which the rest of the other nutrients necessary for the growth of the plant are created properly.
Preparing and sterilizing the soil for the cultivation of the ornamental plant Verocactus and Selzni (barrel hook cactus plant):
The soil is prepared and sterilized for the cultivation of Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) as follows:
1- The place for planting the plant is determined and chosen, provided that the soil is fertile, well-drained, free of harmful salts.
2- The area of the planting is determined to be 100 cm wide and 100 cm long, and thehole is excavated to a depth of 80 cm, with the removal of impurities and disturbances, and the following components are added to the jar:
A fungicide to combat soil rot (according to the recommended recommendations) + well-decomposed organic fertilizer at a rate of 1-2 kg.
3- The soil of the pots or the planting area is stirred well, then it is leveled with light irrigation without drowning.
4_ After 48 hours have passed, the young plants that will be planted are brought in and treated with a root stimulant such as indole butyric hormone or biotin hormone + treating the seedlings with a root stimulator fungicide (according to the recommended recommendations).
5- The place of cultivation is determined in the middle , where the place of cultivation is excavated in proportion to the size of the plant to be cultivated.
6- The plant is planted and fixed well by pressing it gently, then watering lightly.
7- The plant is followed up with regular irrigation and fertilization so that the plant grows well.
Planting of Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) in home gardens and gardens:
Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus)
It is one of the most beautiful cactus that are grown in home gardens and gardens, as it is one of the beautiful plants in shape, as well as for the striking beauty of the flowers.
Uses of the Ferocactus wislizeni (Fishhook Barrel Cactus)
1- Plants are grown in rock gardens in gardens and public parks.
2- The plant is grown in rock gardens in gardens and public parks.