Scientific name of the gerbera plant:
The Gerbera plant follows the family:
Asteraceae, alternatively Compositae.
Gerbera jamesonii home (native) to South Africa.
Gerbera plant Common name: gerbera daisy, Transvaal daisy or Barberton daisy.
gerbera jamesonii description
what do gerbera daisy seeds look like
Gerbera is a perennial herbaceous plant that blooms almost all year round, but its flowering is concentrated during the period from March to May.
The genus Gerbera includes about 50 species, the most important of which are jamesonii, as the father of all currently cultivated varieties.
The importance of the gerbera plant is due to the fact that it is one of the most important and preferred commercial cut flowers for many people, as well as due to the beauty of its colors, its appropriate size, and the length of its stay in the vase after picking.
The inflorescences of the gerbera may be single or semi-nutty, with a diameter ranging between 5-15 cm. Its flower stalks are long, as it can also be planted to beautify garden ponds and circles, and in shaded places under trees.
The gerbera plant is also grown to define garden paths, and it can also be planted in pots suitable for decorating and beautifying sunny and non-sunny balconies.
gerbera plant varieties.
- Gerbera daisy (Gerbera jamesonii):In this variety, the flowers are copper-coloured.
- anita gerbera:In this variety the flowers are yellow.
- Cloudia : this variety, the flowers are scarlet red.
- Gerbera Daisy – Clementine :In this variety, the flowers are orange in color.
- Gerbera Daisy Spray Blue Helio.In this variety the flowers are dark red.
Gerbera plant propagation.
propagating gerbera daisy seeds.
The gerbera plant is propagated by planting seeds, in the event of a desire to obtain new varieties, as it chooses from the offspring produced after cross-breeding plants with good characteristics such as the shape of the leaves and their position in relation to the surface of the earth, as it prefers plants with upright leaves or close to that in order to facilitate Carrying out these service operations in addition to the abundance of flowers, branching, the shape and color of flowers, and the date of flowers.
Seeds are sown immediately after collection (since the vitality period of the seeds lasts between 4-6 months) and sowing takes place during the month of March until August in planting pots or planting boxes containing a mixture of sand + silt + compost, then the seeds are scattered and the seeds are covered with a layer Light and successive watering until germination and then transferred to permanent pots.
propagating gerbera by Root Division.
Vegetative propagation by dividing the plant is considered the method for propagating gerbera, where the mother plant is divided (provided that the age of the plant is not less than two years).
The division is done so that each section contains a part of the rhizome and the vegetative body, and the taken part is planted directly in the sustainable land. Planting is done at distances of 20 x 20 cm or at a distance of 30 x 30 cm.
Or the planting takes place after division in appropriate pots and placed outside to which direct sunlight reaches.
gerbera daisy soil .
Best to be well-drained, slightly acidic soil (pH of 5.5 to 6.5)
Gerbera plants need a light, deep, well-drained soil, because the roots of the plant spread to fairly long distances.
Planting is preferred in sandy, loamy soil rich in organic matter, provided that the ratio between sand and loamy soil is approximately 1:1.
gerbera plant Watering
Gerbera plants need regular watering without drowning or thirst. Watering is preferred surface Watering.
And when the gerbera plants enter the winter dormancy period, the land should not be left to dry completely, but it is preferable to spaced watering, especially with the low temperatures in the winter season.
digging tilling and soften the soil for gerbera plant.
The tilling of the soil must be very superficial so that the roots do not tear, and it is preferable to remove the grass manually by scribbling, not deep.
Adding compost will soften the soil until it is ready to plant gerberas
gerbera plant fertilizer
Gerbera plants are fertilized after planting them in garden by about 30-45 days. It is preferable to use Organic fertilizer Organic fertilizer can be used from coffee grounds, banana peels, or eggshells, but a sterile material must be added to any organic fertilizer placed on the soil in order to prevent pests and rot in the soil.
Main Fertilizer NPK (fertilizer with a 10-10-10
It must be taken into account that the gerbera plant needs micro-mineral elements for flowers, especially iron and manganese. If the fertilizer does not contain micro-elements, it must be added to the soil, especially if the soil is poor in the elements.
The nitrogen fertilization must be stopped during the flowering period, provided that the fertilization is done using phosphate + potassium sulfate, so that the nitrogen component does not lead to an increase in vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
Taking into account the increase in the amount of fertilizer added every year so that good flowers can be obtained.
Gerbera plant stalking
Gerbera plants need to be supported to maintain the growth of the leaves and also to facilitate the process of serving the plants and also until we get straight flower stands and the support is done by placing one or more polyethylene nets with widened eyes that the plants come out of based on.
gerbera plant temperature and light requirements
Gerbera plants grow in a wide range of temperatures, but when the temperature drops below 12 degrees Celsius or above 28 degrees, this leads to a reduction or cessation of plant growth and, consequently, a lack of flower production.
As for the appropriate light for gerbera plants, they are considered neutral plants that are not affected by the length or shortness of the day, and thus the number of hours of lighting.
Gerbera flowers in vase
The single and semi inflorescences are harvested after blooming and the appearance of pollen grains in the first row of disc florets.
As for the inflorescences, they are harvested after they have fully bloomed, and picking the inflorescences earlier than that leads to a short life in the vase.
About an hour after picking, the flowers are placed in vases or suitable containers, and the nori stand can be cut from the bottom longitudinally to a height of 2 cm, as this helps to absorb water and increase the life of the flowers inside the vase.
Gerbera plant care.
Gerbera plant needs basic fertilization NPK . Water must not let the soil dry out completely. For propagation, propagation is possible; cutting or shoots or pups Taking into account the age of the plant, plants need moderate light