common names: as elu in Yoruba, anunu by Igbo people as talaki in Hausa, sauru in Tiv and as ebelu by the Edo people
The scientific name : lonchocarpus sericeus
The original home of (native)the (Lonchocarpus)
Widespread in Tropics:
Botanical description of Lonchocarpus
Lonchocarpus reaches a height of approximately 12 meters. As for the leaves, it is a compound whose axis ends with two leaves. The flowers in the ornamental trees of Lonchocarpus are bright violet, very attractive, gathered in a racemic inflorescence.
Also, the fruits of Lonchocarpus are compressed, not swollen, with few seeds.
Propagation of Lonchocarpus
Lonchocarpus are propagated to grow caris by planting seeds, where the seeds are planted during the spring in sunny places in planting holes or wooden planting boxes and they are taken care of until they germinate, as the plants are singled out in pots or planting bags until they reach a length of about 20 – 25 cm.
The plants are rotated in pots or larger planting bags until they are planted in sustainable land.
(Water ) Lonchocarpus
Attention is given to the watering of ornamental trees so that the trees grow without thirst or flooding. Irrigation is done according to the trees’ need for irrigation, which depends on the nature of the soil and the environmental conditions in the region.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the irrigation of trees in the event of a high air temperature with an increase in the intensity of the wind, as this increases the transpiration of the leaves of the water of the trees and also helps to dry the soil, so the trees must be irrigated in the event that this happens.
Lonchocarpus are fertilized with the neutral mineral (chemical) fertilizer NPK 14: 14: 14 of the major elements nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 400 g / tree from the age of 5-7 years.
Provided that the fertilizer is added in two batches, the first batch during the month of March and the second batch during the month of August.
Lonchocarpus sunlight requirements
Lonchocarpus should be planted to grow Lonchocarpus in sunny, well-lit places, so that the trees can grow well.
As good light is very important in the process of photosynthesis in which the plant uses the energy from the light reaching the mechanism in the representation of carbon dioxide + water in the process of building carbohydrates, from which the rest of the other nutritional components that the plant needs are created in order to grow well.
Soil suitable for growing Lonchocarpus
Lonchocarpus must be planted in fertile, well-drained soil free from harmful salts, as Caris ornamental trees are sensitive to salinity, whether soil salinity or irrigation water salinity.
Also, Lonchocarpus must be planted to grow caris in soil that is neutral in acidity and alkalinity, where the soil PH should be approximately 5.5-6.5.
Attention must be paid to pruning and trimming ornamental trees to grow caris, where broken and dry branches must be removed, as well as deformed branches.
Trees should also be sprayed after the pruning process, spraying trees with an appropriate fungicide.
Cultivation of Lonchocarpus in home gardens:
Lonchocarpus are planted to grow caris in home gardens in sunny places, due to the beauty of the shape of the flowers, which give the garden a beautiful shape.
Uses of Lonchocarpus
1- An insecticide is extracted from the roots of the ornamental trees, Lancho Caris.
2- The wood of Lonchocarpus trees is used in the manufacture of home furniture and in many other purposes.
3- Lonchocarpus are planted to grow caris in gardens and public parks.
4- Lonchocarpus are planted to grow caris in home gardens.
Reviewed by :Samy
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