pepper production method

pepper

Soil suitable for growing peppers.

The cultivation of pepper is good in all types of lands from sandy to lands

silt and land

light and so except

Poorly drained land with a high water level, as it is in poor condition

poor drainage leads to

The emergence of root rot diseases, as well as fungal soil diseases. It should not be planted

Pepper in saline lands which

The salinity is more than 5’1 mmose, so pepper cultivation succeeds in good lands

Salt-free drainage

And various fungal diseases. It is also necessary to take full precautions and to resist the pest, soil and nematodes

By analyzing the soil in the laboratory before planting.

Production of pepper seedlings.
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It is very important to take care of planting pepper plants with good origins that are free from bad specifications, in order to get

Seedlings with good specifications free from fungal diseases and these factors must be taken care of to obtain

On good quality seedlings

1- The seedlings should be of the appropriate length when transferred to the permanent land and not be too long or short

I’m very average in height, average in its root total.

2- The transfer of seedlings should be carried out in suitable weather conditions where the temperatures are moderate

Also, the air humidity is high

3- The seedlings should be transferred and planted on the same day and not left plucked until the next day.

4- The quality of the cultivated variety and the appropriate handle must be taken into consideration.

Preparing the environment for growing peppers.
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Peat moss is used with vermiculite to prepare a suitable environment for seedling production, by taking an equal kilogram of house moss

Vermiculite and mix well and the most appropriate ingredients for this is 50 kg of house mousse + 50 kg of vermiculite

  • 400 gm of ammonium sulfate + 300 gm of potassium sulfate + 30 gm of magnesium sulfate
  • 500 gm of Calcium Phosphate
  • 75 gm of NPK-neutral foliar fertilizer + 75 gm of Fungicide Benlite or Rezolex. Then the equation is done

The acidity of the mixture by adding 4 kg

of tile powder (calcium carbonate) and the pH ratio is 6-7, then the mixture is covered

precedent and left to the next day to plant the seeds.

Preparing the seeds for planting.
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Before planting pepper seeds, they should be placed in a clean cloth bag and left in running water

For 24 hours away from the sun and air currents..

Planting seeds in the nursery.
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Pepper seeds are usually grown in foam trays (7 x 12) eyes, which are made of trays

of compressed foam

The trays are 40 cm wide, 67 cm long and 6 cm high

Reusable after washing

Sterilize it with diluted chlorine at a rate of 3 cm Clorox per liter of water and soak it for 3-5 minutes

Then it is spread out and dried

And to remove the smell of Clorox from it, and the following must be followed after washing the utensils

1- Fill the pots with the pre-prepared mixture and press it lightly by hand

2- Seeds are sown at the rate of one seed in each eye, covered with a light layer and pressed

Hand pressure lightly.

3- Trays of seedlings pass by placing them on top of each other while covering them with a plastic cover to help

To preserve moisture and heat.

4- As soon as the seeds germinate, the trays are separated and placed on stands 40 cm above the ground.

The following must be noted.

An outlet for the whitefly or placed in a greenhouse covered with bull nets, which are impermeable for the whitefly

2- When the first full true leaf appears, spray the seedlings with an integrated paper fertilizer that contains the elements

Minor and major food items at a rate of one gram per liter of water

3- Irrigation is carried out daily in the early morning or at sunset in the form of solar sprinklers, taking full care not to

Leave the germination surface in the trays to dry out or get thirsty

4- When the first or second true leaf appears, fungicides must be sprayed.

5- The seedlings are ready for transfer after the appearance of 4-5 true leaves, i.e. after 35-45

A day of planting seedlings in trays

6- When the seedlings are taken out, the seedling must contain a cube of the environment mixture in which the seedlings are grown.

7- The seedlings must be irrigated before they are taken out of the trays about 7-10 days, provided that they are coherent.

8- The seedlings should be exposed to the sun gradually by removing all the plastic cover gradually until

The seedlings are acclimatized to the outdoors.

9- It should be sprayed with a 2% solution of calcium phosphate and potassium sulfate soaked before transferring seedlings

Two days and then dusting with sulfur one day before transportation.

Amount of seed per acre

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An acre needs about 50-60 grams of seeds in the case of hybrids

Other than the camel, you need

150-200 gm of seeds.

Preparing the land for the permanent cultivation of pepper (Pepper plant fertilization)
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First – Flooding the land with water in the absence of a sprinkler irrigation network and after immersion

The appropriate drought is divided into basins

The batun is erected, and this is repeated for three days. When the land dries up, the appropriate drought is plowed

Two perpendicular plows

It is left for two weeks exposed to the sun, then the land is prepared for planting.

1- Plowing the land with two perpendicular plows

2- Leveling the ground well using a crawler

3- Planting terraces are built with a width of 70-80 cm

4- The decomposed municipal fertilizer is placed in trenches in the first third of the terrace. From the eastern side, the trench will be

With a width of 20 cm and a depth of 40 cm, an acre needs 20 cubic meters of municipal fertilizer, the decomposed body free of

Fungal diseases and nematodes. 5-10 cubic meters of well decomposed poultry manure are also added

It is also added with this

Fertilizers The following fertilizers concerned 100 kg of agricultural sulfur + 100 kg of ammonia sulfate +

100 kg of potassium sulfate

  • 100 kg of mono-calcium super phosphate + 50 kg of magnesium sulfate. You can also

Use good decomposed compost

Well instead of using municipal fertilizer, especially in sandy lands. Then after applying the fertilizer is complete

in the trenches

The most important agricultural operations that take place on the following pepper plant


1- Irrigation.
The irrigation process depends on many conditions, including temperatures and the nature of the soil in which the pepper plant is grown

Water the plants regularly so that the land is not exposed to maintain at all so that the plants can form a total

Strong and branched roots while avoiding separation in order to avoid the emergence of fungal diseases in the soil and thus infecting the roots

It is also recommended to extend the period between irrigations in the early stages of the life of plants, in order to help

On the spread and branching of the roots. As for the flowering stage, the irrigation should be very regular and the irrigation should be at intervals

Short and regular, so as not to lead to the fall of the flowers, noting that in the case of excessive irrigation, it leads to

Irritation of the vegetative mass, the fall of flowers and a severe shortage of the crop. Irrigation is during the collection of the crop

Moderately and often every 5-6 days.

Pepper cultivation stages

patching.
Patching is the process of replanting the absent gaps for any reason, and it is preferable to continue the patching process, especially in

The first stages of cultivation in order to obtain the optimal number of plants and obtain a crop

Good and high yield the expected profit from growing green pepper plants.

hoeing.
The process of hoeing and scribbling around the cultivated plants must be carried out by scribbling and hoeing from the idle feather

And the feather until the plants approach the edge of the bench or 25 cm away from the edge of the bench.

Pepper Fertilization:


Pepper plant is the best fertilizer from plants that love to fertilize, so it may be stressful to the soil, so work must be done to add

Fertilizers on a regular basis and meet the needs of cultivated plants and are as follows

1- In sandy lands of light texture, the amounts of nitrogen and potassium must be increased, but in heavy lands

It is recommended to increase the amounts of phosphate fertilizers

2- Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers leads to irritating plants, increasing the vegetative total and reducing the number of plants

The number of flowers, delayed contract and flowering, and therefore a severe shortage of the crop, so nitrogen fertilizers must be moderated

Especially when contracting, flowering and full attention, potassium fertilizers that help increase the number of flowers

As well as the good contract for it and thus get a high yield

3- It is noted that the addition of mineral fertilizers depends on the type of soil, so care must be taken to add fertilizers

prescribed and regularly around the plants, then scribbling the ground, then conducting the irrigation process after that, for example.

In the lands that are irrigated by flooding, the following fertilizers are added, piling around the plants, at the following rates per acre:

1- A month after planting the seedlings, 200 kg of ammonium sulfate is added.

2- Two months after planting the seedlings, 150 kg of mono-calcium phosphate is added

  • 200 kg of ammonium sulfate

3- When flowering 60-70%, add 200 kg of ammonium sulfate + 50 kg of potassium sulfate.

Fertilize pepper in the case of drip irrigation.

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1- Fertilizing with urea mineral fertilizer is applied to plants at a rate of half a gram per liter of water once every 15 days.

2- Phosphoric acid is added at a rate of 300 cm per one cubic meter of irrigation water in the fertilizer

And that in frequent payments every week at most.

3- Fertilizing by spraying pepper with potassium sulfate every week (nitric acid) with a concentration

One and a half grams per one meterPlant pots

of water and can be sprayed every 15 days in the case of fertile and good lands..

Green pepper crop.

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The fruits are collected at the appropriate size for the variety and when the fruits turn bright green and waxy appearance

Or the appearance of the main color of the variety in the case of colored hybrids with yellow, red or orange fruits

The fruits are cut with a part of the neck with picking scissors, and the fruits are homogeneous, then they are packed in

Good specification suitable boxes or packages.

Is it possible to grow peppers in a pot?

Yes, it is possible to grow peppers in a pot, there is no objection to it but to take care of the beginning of the process

Cultivation with bio-organic fertilizers available

Can peppers be grown from seeds?

Of course it can not

There is no other way than planting seeds

Is the cultivation of sweet peppers the same as green peppers? Yes, but it is necessary

Temperatures, preferably in greenhouses