Common names include lemonvineBarbados gooseberry, blade-apple cactus, , rose cactus, and leaf cactus
Scientific name for Cactus Brescia.
Pereskia aculeata Miller
The original home of Pereskia aculeata cactus:
South Central America & Mexico Brazil:
Botanical description of Pereskia aculeata:
Pereskia aculeata cactus is a fast-growing succulent shrubby plant with very strong growth, and reaches a height of about 10 meters in its original habitat.
The leaves are leathery green, shiny, oval in shape, about 10 cm long. They resemble plants belonging to succulent plants, and are an exception in the family.
Pereskia aculeata is a climbing plant that extends for about 4 meters with a wooden leg with needle thorns emerging from its cushions, so it needs supports to climb on, as it climbs with thorns on the stems that help it stick to the support.
As for the flowers, they are fragrant, similar to wild rose flowers, with a pink or white color, and they bloom during the fall season.
The fruits are a yellow grape that is eaten, and it is also used as a rootstock, where some species of the same species are fed on it.
Pereskia aculeata plant propagation
Pereskia aculeata is propagated by cuttings, which are either stem cuttings or leafy cuttings.
Pereskia aculeata trees.
Pereskia aculeata is one of the trees that need very moderate irrigation without extravagance, so you must pay attention to that, and heavy irrigation should not be done, especially during the winter season.
The irrigation process also depends on the nature of the soil and weather conditions in the area where the plant is grown.
Fertilize Pereskia aculeata.
Pereskia aculeata needs well-degraded organic fertilization during the winter service process in December, at a rate of 10 kg.
Fertilization is also done with neutral chemical fertilizer NPK 19 – 19 – 19 nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 300 g in two batches, the first batch during March and the second batch during August.
Suitable light for Pereskia aculeata trees:
Pereskia aculeata needs direct sunlight, so it must be planted in sunny places in the garden, because it is considered a light-loving cactus tree.
Growing Pereskia aculeata at home:
Pereskia aculeata is grown in home gardens in sunny places, due to the beauty of the trees’ shape, as well as the shape of the flowers that resemble wild rose flowers, as well as the scent of the fragrant flowers.
pereskia aculeata benefits
1- Brescia trees are planted in rock gardens.
2- It is used as a flowering thorny succulent fence in sunny and half-shaded places.
3- Perfumes are extracted from flowers that are used in the manufacture of perfumes and luxury soaps.
4- It is used as a rootstock to produce new hybrids.
5- The fruits of Pereskia aculeata are used in food in luxury restaurants and large hotels, where the fruits are eaten fresh.