ficus religiosa common name sacred fig ,bo tree, Bodhi tree, peepul and sacred fig
The scientific name for the sacred fig tree
Ficus religiosa L.
The original home of the sacred fig tree
India. Southeast Asia:
Botanical description sacred fig
Sacred fig tree of large trees, falling leaves in late spring during the month of May.
The leaves are oval to round, ending with a stalked apex, which is why it is called Lamsan al-Asfour. As for the fruits, they are seated, dark purple in color, with a diameter of about 1.5 cm.
sacred fig Propagation
Sacred fig is propagated by cultivating cuttings that are obtained from aged branches with a length of about 20-25 cm, where they are planted in special beds consisting of coarse sand + compost in a ratio of 4: 1 with the leaves removed from the cuttings and when a suitable root system is formed. Single them in suitable pots or planting bags, and follow them with good agricultural service until they reach the appropriate length, where they are planted in sustainable land.
Sacred fig trees are also propagated by planting seeds during the spring season, and when the real leaves appear and a suitable root system is formed, they are singled out and successively with agricultural service until they reach the appropriate length, where they are planted in permanent land.
Sacred fig trees need permanent irrigation, as they do not tolerate drought at all, but it is also without excessive irrigation, and trees must not be completely thirsty, but irrigation is without extravagance or thirst.
Fertilizing sacred fig trees.
Sacred fig trees need well-decomposed organic fertilization at a rate of 20 kg + 250 gm of 15% monosuperphosphate fertilizer / tree age from 5-10 years.
Sacred fig trees are also fertilized with neutral chemical fertilizer NPK (nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium) 19 – 19 – 19 at a rate of 250 g / tree, age 5-10 years.
sacred fig trees uses.
1- Sacred fig trees are large ornamental trees that are planted in botanical gardens and on both sides of wide avenues.
2- Tanning materials are extracted from the bark of trees, as it contains tannins.
3 – The wood of the ficus tree, Lissan al-Asfour, is used in the manufacture of sailboats, as its wood bears water.