Seagrape :Coccoloba tree care and grow expert guide

Scientific name of Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees:
Coccoloba uvifera
Habitat: tropical and
tropical America
Botanical description of Seagrape (Coccoloba)
Coco luba trees are considered one of the rarest trees in the world, and they are evergreen trees, reaching a height of about 15 meters..

Coccoloba uvifera leaf

Coccoloba uvifera

coccoloba tree growth rate

about 3 m per year

coccoloba tree lifespan

The average lifespan of a coccoloba tree is approximately 50-100 years, but with proper care, it can live even more.

The leafs in

Seagrape (Coccoloba)
trees are alternate, with a full edge, the flowers are white in color, the male flowers are found in groups, while the female flowers are found in an aloof.

coccoloba tree blooming season

coccoloba tree seagrape tree or Coccoloba uvifera, typically blooms during the spring and early summer months.

The exact timing may vary depending on the specific climate and geographical location. In some regions, the blooming season can start as early as March or April and continue into June or July. During this time, you can expect to see clusters of small, inconspicuous flowers forming on the tree.

Propagation of Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees

Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees are propagated by planting cuttings during the spring and summer seasons, where the cuttings are obtained from aged branches with a length of about 25 cm, where they are planted in planting boxes that contain an agricultural environment consisting of compost + peat moss in a ratio of 2: 1.

The cuttings are nurtured until a good root system is formed, where the cuttings are singled out in pots or planting bags until they produce new leaves, and they are nurtured until they are recycled in suitable pots or planting bags. The cuttings are nurtured until they are planted in sustainable land.

Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees watering process.

Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees are drought-tolerant trees, but care must be taken in the process of irrigating trees, as trees should not be exposed to severe thirst, but irrigation shifts must be tightened without drowning or thirst, even for trees to grow well.

Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees fertilization(food) process

Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees are fertilized using neutral (chemical) fertilizer NPK 10: 10: 10, of the major fertilizer elements, nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 400 g / tree from 3-5 years old.

coccoloba tree fertilizer ratio

For optimal growth, use a balanced fertilizer with a ratio of 10-10-10 or 14-14-14 for coccoloba trees. Follow package instructions and adjust based on your tree’s specific needs

Trees are also fertilized during the winter service, using well-decomposed organic fertilizer at a rate of 2-3 kg + 200 g of 15% monosuperphosphate fertilizer / tree of 3-5 years of age.

The use of environmentally friendly bio-fertilizer for fertilizing Seagrape (Coccoloba)trees are fertilized using environmentally friendly bio-fertilizers instead of using mineral (chemical) fertilizers that are harmful to the environment.

The most important biofertilizers used are as follows:
1- Using the water soaked in compost, known as compost tea.

2- Use of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, such as azotobacter.

3- Using the Trichoderma fungus, which helps trees and plants to absorb rock phosphate in the soil.

4- Use active dry brewer’s yeast during the spring at a rate of 20 gm/tree at all ages.

5- The use of humic acid, which helps the soil to retain irrigation water, instead of losing it through leaching, especially in light and sandy soils.

Also, humic acid helps plants and trees to absorb microelements in the soil, such as magnesium and calcium, as well as iron, zinc and manganese, as well as the rest of the microelements in the soil.
Soil suitable for growing Coccoloba trees:
Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees are planted in fertile, well-drained lands, just as trees are grown in salty lands, where trees are successful on the shores of salty seas.

coccoloba tree pruning in winter

Pruning a Coccoloba tree in winter can help promote healthy growth and maintain its shape. Here are the steps you can follow:

1. Start by assessing the tree’s overall health and identifying any damaged or diseased branches. Remove these first to prevent the spread of disease or insect infestations.

2. Consider the shape you want to maintain or achieve with your Coccoloba tree. Pruning can help control its height and width. Selectively trim branches to maintain a balanced and aesthetically pleasing shape.

3. Use clean and sharp pruning tools like pruning shears or loppers to make your cuts. This ensures clean cuts and minimizes damage to the tree. Disinfect your tools with rubbing alcohol or a bleach solution before and after pruning to prevent the spread of diseases.

4. Prune back any crossing or rubbing branches. These branches can lead to wounds or bark damage, making the tree susceptible to infections. Cut them off at their base or back to a larger, healthy branch or bud.

5. Remove any weak or spindly branches that ruin the tree’s overall appearance. These branches are usually thin and may not contribute to the tree’s structure or health.

6. If your Coccoloba tree is getting too tall, consider reducing its height by cutting back the upper branches. Make cuts just above a bud or branch junction to encourage new growth and prevent unsightly stubs.

7. Avoid heavy pruning, especially during winter. Removing too much foliage can stress the tree and hinder its ability to store energy during the dormant period.

8. After pruning, clean up the debris around the tree to prevent the buildup of fungal or bacterial pathogens.

Light requirements of Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees

It is extremely important to plant coco luba trees in sunny, well-lit places, so that they can grow well.

As light is important for the process of photosynthesis, in which the plant uses the energy it absorbs from the light reaching the mechanism in the representation of carbon dioxide + water to build carbohydrates from which the rest of the other nutrients are created.

Cultivation of seedlings of Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees in sustainable land.

When planting Coccoloba tree seedlings in sustainable land, the following steps are followed.

1- The place for planting seedlings is determined in the permanent land, provided that it is in sunny, well-lit places, and that the soil is fertile, well-drained, and well-ventilated.

2 – The area of the place for planting seedlings is determined to be 100 cm long and 100 cm wide, and the soil is patrolled and stirred to a depth of 80 cm.

3 The following components are added to the place of planting seedlings.

* Adding well-decomposing organic fertilizer at a rate of 1-2 kg + 200 gm of monosuperphosphate fertilizer 15% + using a suitable fungicide to combat soil rot (according to the recommended recommendations).

4- Seedlings to be planted in the permanent land are brought, provided that they are treated as follows before planting.

* The roots of the seedlings are dipped for a period of 3-5 minutes in a fungicide solution to combat root rot + a root stimulating hormone solution such as indole butyric acid (according to the recommended recommendations).

5- Seedlings are planted after the roots are treated, where the seedlings are planted in the middle of the chosen place, and they are well fixed by pressing the soil on top of the seedlings gently.

6- Seedlings are watered after planting them, provided that the irrigation is without interfering.

7- The seedlings are monitored after planting them in the permanent land, in terms of irrigation and fertilization appropriate to the size and age of the seedlings, so that they grow well.
The process of pruning and refining coculoba trees:
It is important to pay attention to the process of pruning and refining Coccoloba trees, where broken, dry and deformed branches are removed, as well as branches affected by insect pests and fungal diseases.

The tangled branches inside the heart of the trees are also removed, to allow light to reach the heart of the trees so that they can grow well.
Control of insect pests affecting coculoba trees:
Coccoloba trees are often infected with many insect pests, such as mites, mealy bugs, fruit flies, aphids, gasids, and many other insects.

Insect pests in trees are controlled using 57% malathion at a rate of 3 cc + 15 cc of royal summer mineral oil / liter of water.

Provided that the spraying takes place in the early morning, and the trees are washed, and the trees are re-sprayed at the same rates 21 days after the previous spraying, until the space is completely cleared.

pests affecting trees.
Cultivation of Seagrape (Coccoloba) trees in home gardens:
Coccoloba trees are very rare trees, so full care must be taken when planting them in home gardens, in terms of irrigation and fertilization, so that the trees grow well.

Seagrape (Coccoloba) Tree Benefits:
1 – Cocoloba is one of the trees that tolerate salinity, so it is planted on the shores of the salty seas.

2- Trees are planted in gardens and public parks as ornamental trees.

3- Trees are planted in home gardens as ornamental trees.

4 – Trees are planted on the coasts of salty seas, as they are among the trees that bear high salinity