Scientific name of the Soapberry tree:
Sapindus saponaria L. (=Indicus Poir.):
English name for Soapberry trees:
Soapberry, False Dogwood:
The original home of Soapberry trees:
Botanical description of Soapberry trees .
Soapberry tree is one of the rare deciduous trees, and it is considered one of the most beautiful ornamental trees that are planted in gardens and parks, and its height reaches 10 meters.
It has compound leaves with a length of about 30 cm, and it has a winged neck, and in it the leaflets tend to elongate, lanceolate, with a length of about 10 cm.
Cluster inflorescences about 25 cm long come out and produce white flowers that appear in spring. As for the fruits, they are round in shape with a brown color, with a diameter of about 2 cm, smooth.
Soapberry trees propagation
Soapberry trees (Sapindus) are propagated by planting seeds during the spring season in planting holes or wooden planting boxes that contain an agricultural environment consisting of peat moss + silt + sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. The seeds must also be treated before planting with a suitable fungicide. .
Provided that the seeds are planted on appropriate dimensions, not to be adjacent, and successively with good service, with the regularity of the irrigation process without drowning or thirst until the true leaves appear with the formation of an appropriate root system.
At that point, the plants are singled out in suitable pots or planting bags, and followed by regular service until they reach the appropriate length, as they are rotated in larger pots or planting bags, and so on, until they are planted in permanent land.
Soapberry trees are one of the most beautiful ornamental trees, which must be very careful watering conducting the irrigation process, as it is very sensitive to increasing water, so irrigation must be done with complete care without drowning or thirst, whether during the summer or winter, in which soap trees need the lowest rate of water Since it is one of the trees with falling leaves, provided that watering is not completely stopped, but rather it is at spaced intervals.
Soapberry trees must be watered according to their needs, especially during the summer. The nature of the soil and the environmental conditions in the region must also be taken into account, as well as the high temperatures and the intensity of the winds that affect the transpiration process and the increase in evaporation that makes the trees need irrigation at somewhat spaced intervals.
(Soapberry) Light requirements
Soapberry trees need planting in apricot places! With bright lighting, so this must be taken into account when planting in order to give good growth with a stunning appearance.
Since it is known that light, especially bright sunlight, is very important to complete the process of photosynthesis, in which plants use the energy they derive from the light that reaches them in the representation of carbon dioxide + water to build carbohydrates, from which the rest of the nutrients are created.
Knowing that increasing the percentage of light reaching plants leads to a decrease in the elongation of plants, and thus dwarfs plants or trees, and with a lack of lighting reaching plants or trees, it leads to elongation of plants, which leads to sagging of plants and drooping plants and thus losing their usual shape.
In both cases, the leaves turn yellow and wither, then die and fall, thus losing plants or trees. Therefore, care must be taken to plant trees in the appropriate place for them in terms of their light needs.
Soapberry trees planting
Soapberry trees are among the most beautiful ornamental trees ever, so they are planted in home gardens in flower beds, or indoors. They are also grown in groups in a beautiful consistency.
(Soapberry) tree uses
1- Soapberry trees are among the most beautiful ornamental trees that are planted in public and private gardens and parks.
2- The resulting wood is used in the home furniture industry.
3- Saponins used in the saponification process are extracted from the fruits, or they are used directly as soap.