phoenix palm care and grow guide

phoenix palm scientific name

Phoenix canariensis:
The original habitat (native to) of the Canary palm come from :Canary islands

Botanical description of the Canary palm:
Canary island date palm one of the main palms. It is characterized by the thickness of the trunk. The length of the palm is about growth rate 15-20 metres. The bases of the leaves, when they dry, leave distinct marks on the stem. The leaves have a short, crowded apex, and there are strong thorns on them. Between 5.5 – 6 meters, it stands strongly and the lower one sags with age.

Phoenix palm blooming season

From October to November

The leaf is composed of about 200 leaflets in many rows. The leaflets are short, narrow, bright green and do not droop. The leaves have a large spherical apex. The leaf petioles are short and have thorns along the length of the leaf. The length of the leaf ranges between 5.5 – 6 meters.

The pink flowers emerge from the leaves and reach a length of 2 meters.

phoenix canariensis fruit

Phoenix palm fruit

The fruits are in dense, oval-shaped clusters of orange colour.

phoenix canariensis care

Caring for canary island date palm is very easy this guide from watering to fertilization in very good focus on to best growing conditions

phoenix canariensis propagation process:

Phoenix palm

Canary palm trees are propagated by seeds when they mature. The seeds are planted in wooden planting boxes containing an agricultural environment consisting of compost + peat moss in a ratio of 2:1.

The seeds are cared for until they germinate, then the plants are separated into suitable pots. The plants are cared for until they produce 3-4 leaves, then the plants are rotated into larger pots and taken care of until they are planted in sustainable land.

phoenix canariensis watering process

phoenix palm

The Canary palm tree needs moderate irrigation without overwatering. Irrigation is done when the trees need it, which depends on the nature of the soil and environmental conditions in the area.

phoenix canariensis fertilization

Canary palm fertilization involves using a neutral mineral fertilizer (chemical) NPK 10:10:10, one of the major fertilizer elements, nitrogen – phosphorus – potassium at a rate of 500 g/palm tree aged 3-5 years.
The mineral (chemical) fertilizer should be added in two equal batches, during the months of March and August.
Palm trees are also fertilized using well-decomposed organic fertilizer at a rate of 3-5 kg + 200 g of fertilizer and 15% single-superphosphate per palm tree aged 3-5 years.
Organic fertilizer should be added during the winter service in December.
Practically fertilizing canary palm trees using environmentally friendly biofertiliser:
Canary palm trees are fertilized using biological fertilizer instead of using mineral (chemical) fertilizer that is harmful to the environment:

biofertilizers used for canary island

Phoenix palm

1- Using nitrogen-fixing bacteria, such as azotobacter.

2- Using the Trichoderma fungus, which helps plants absorb rock phosphate present in the soil.

3- Using humic acid, which helps the soil retain irrigation water instead of losing it through leaching, especially in light and sandy lands.

Humic acid also helps plants absorb microelements present in the soil, such as magnesium and calcium, as well as iron, zinc, manganese, and the rest of the other microelements present in the soil.

Suitable soil for growing canary palm trees:

The Canary palm must be planted in fertile, well-drained, well-ventilated land that must also be free of harmful salts, as the palm is sensitive to salinity, whether the salinity of the soil or the salinity of irrigation water.

Light requirements for Canary island date

phoenix palms

It is very important to plant a canary palm tree. In well-lit, full sunny places, it grows well
The process of trimming and pruning a canary palm tree:
Attention should be paid to the process of pruning the canary palm, where dry and drooping leaves and leaves infected with fungal diseases and insect pests are removed.

Planting phoenix canariensis in home gardens

phoenix canariensis is grown in home gardens, as it is one of the most beautiful ornamental palms. The palm is grown in the middle of the garden or in the middle of flower beds, and it can also be planted individually on both sides of the garden.

Benefits of canary palm trees

1 – It can be grown in gardens and public parks, as it is the most beautiful ornamental palm tree.

2- It is grown in home gardens, due to its stunning beauty.